Trauma patients have many reasons to have defects in coagulation. These can be caused by the trauma or because of pre-existing disorders. Trauma patients who are at risk for coagulation defects should be screened with the basic tests (aPTT, INR/PT, platelet counts, hematocrit, and fibrinogen), with therapy based on the results. Attention also should be paid to any other correctable factors such as hypothermia. Finally, pre-existing disorders can influence the patient's hemostasis greatly and may require specific therapies.