Outcome of infants with birthweight 2000 g or less who undergo major cardiac surgery

J Paediatr Child Health. 1992 Aug;28(4):318-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.1992.tb02676.x.


A retrospective study of all neonates with birthweight 2000 g or less undergoing major cardiac surgery at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne over the last 5 years was performed in order to determine outcome and identify subgroups within this population that may have a poor prognosis. The mean length of stay in intensive care following surgery was 32 days, with non-survivors having a significantly longer duration of stay than survivors. Overall mortality was 43%, and for children with congenital heart disease as part of a recognizable syndrome the mortality was 100%. None of the survivors suffered incapacitating cardiac, neurological or respiratory handicap. These children in general have a poor prognosis and utilize significant resources; results of cardiac surgery in this group need to be closely followed in the future.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures / mortality
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures / statistics & numerical data*
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / mortality
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / surgery
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Rate
  • Treatment Outcome*