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. 2004 Mar;51(5):1347-59.
doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2958.2003.03906.x.

Escherichia Coli Prereplication Complex Assembly Is Regulated by Dynamic Interplay Among Fis, IHF and DnaA

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Escherichia Coli Prereplication Complex Assembly Is Regulated by Dynamic Interplay Among Fis, IHF and DnaA

Valorie T Ryan et al. Mol Microbiol. .
Free article

Abstract

Initiator DnaA and DNA bending proteins, Fis and IHF, comprise prereplication complexes (pre-RC) that unwind the Escherichia coli chromosome's origin of replication, oriC. Loss of either Fis or IHF perturbs synchronous initiation from oriC copies in rapidly growing E. coli. Based on dimethylsulphate (DMS) footprinting of purified proteins, we observed a dynamic interplay among Fis, IHF and DnaA on supercoiled oriC templates. Low levels of Fis inhibited oriC unwinding by blocking both IHF and DnaA binding to low affinity sites. As the concentration of DnaA was increased, Fis repression was relieved and IHF rapidly redistributed DnaA to all unfilled binding sites on oriC. This behaviour in vitro is analogous to observed assembly of pre-RC in synchronized E. coli. We propose that as new DnaA is synthesized in E. coli, opposing activities of Fis and IHF ensure an abrupt transition from a repressed complex with unfilled weak affinity DnaA binding sites to a completely loaded unwound complex, increasing both the precision of DNA replication timing and initiation synchrony.

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