Calnexin and ERp57 act cooperatively to ensure a proper folding of proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Calnexin contains two domains: a lectin domain and an extended arm termed the P-domain. ERp57 is a protein disulfide isomerase composed of four thioredoxin-like repeats and a short basic C-terminal tail. Here we show direct interactions between the tip of the calnexin P-domain and the ERp57 basic C-terminus by using NMR and a novel membrane yeast two-hybrid system (MYTHS) for mapping protein interactions of ER proteins. Our results prove that a small peptide derived from the P-domain is active in binding ERp57, and we determine the structure of the bound conformation of the P-domain peptide. The experimental strategy of using the MYTHS two-hybrid system to map interaction sites between ER proteins, together with NMR, provides a powerful new strategy for establishing the function of ER complexes.