The clinical effect of environmental control of house dust mites in 60 house dust mite-sensitive dogs

Vet Dermatol. 2004 Feb;15(1):31-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3164.2004.00365.x.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of benzyl benzoate, an acaricide for the control of house dust mites, in 60 house dust mite-sensitive dogs. All dogs showed positive reactions on intradermal skin testing for house dust mites (Dermatophagoides farinae, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus) alone, or house dust mites with storage mites (Acarus siro, Tyrophagus putrescentiae, Glycophagus domesticus). House dust samples from the owners' houses were collected and sent to the clinic, where the authors performed a test (Acarex test) to semi-quantify the amount of guanine, a house dust mite product. Treatment with benzyl benzoate was repeated until the house dust samples were negative for house dust mite guanine. After treatment, 29 out of 60 house dust mite-sensitive dogs (48%) showed no skin lesions or pruritus. Moderate results were achieved in 22 dogs (36%), with reduced pruritus and minimal skin lesions, but still requiring medication. In 13 dogs, this involved regular treatment (3-4 times a year) with antibiotics and anti-yeast medication, and in eight dogs, immunotherapy was used. One dog was controlled with essential fatty acids as monotherapy and one dog was controlled with immunotherapy and essential fatty acids. In the remaining nine dogs (15%), the pruritus remained the same, and these dogs were controlled with oral corticosteroids. These results indicate that house dust mite elimination is a useful tool in the management of house dust mite-sensitive dogs.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Benzoates*
  • Dermatitis, Atopic / prevention & control
  • Dermatitis, Atopic / veterinary*
  • Dog Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Dogs
  • Dust / analysis
  • Female
  • Housing, Animal
  • Insecticides*
  • Intradermal Tests / veterinary
  • Male
  • Pyroglyphidae
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Benzoates
  • Dust
  • Insecticides
  • benzyl benzoate