Inflammatory fibroid polyp is one of the chronic inflammatory diseases in the digestive tract, which often mimics the submucosal tumor. Precise diagnosis is possible after removal of the detected lesion. Endoscopic removal is recommended as a safe and efficient method of the treatment. In this report the authors present a case of inflammatory fibroid polyp located in the cardia, which has been removed endoscopically. Twelve months later, recurrence of the lesion was noted and the patient was referred to surgical resection.