Background: The development of conveniently sprayed, tissue-adherent, inert hydrogel films has made possible the creation of novel products that can serve a dual function, as a surgical sealant to achieve immediate hemostasis, and as a barrier to prevent adhesion formation over time.
Methods: A sprayable, in situ formed absorbable hydrogel film was evaluated as a tissue sealant in a heparinized canine carotid artery graft model. PTFE grafts with leaking end-to-side anastomoses were treated with the synthetic sealant, and hemostasis was evaluated upon restoration of blood flow. Also, the hydrogel films were evaluated as an adhesion barrier in a rabbit pericardial abrasion model.
Results: The sprayable, in situ forming hydrogel film was shown to immediately seal carotid-PTFE anastomoses in six of six applications. Hydrogel application in a rabbit pericardial abrasion model resulted in a statistically significant reduction in the number and tenacity of adhesions.
Conclusions: This novel in situ formed sprayable hydrogel film has demonstrated a dual function as an effective tissue sealant and as an adhesion barrier in cardiovascular preclinical models. These next generation synthetic biomaterials are currently undergoing clinical investigations.