History and description of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale

Pediatrics. 2004 Mar;113(3 Pt 2):634-40.


This article provides an introduction and background to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS). First is a summary of the history of the field of infant assessment. This is followed by a description of the NNNS, including its basic features and how the NNNS differs from other examinations. We then describe the biobehavioral basis for the examination and review studies in which the NNNS has been used. Finally we discuss the developmental model on which the NNNS is based and consider the implications of using the examination.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • History, 20th Century
  • Humans
  • Infant Behavior* / physiology
  • Infant Behavior* / psychology
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight / psychology
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
  • Male
  • Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Neonatal Screening / history
  • Neonatal Screening / methods*
  • Neuropsychological Tests* / history
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Risk