The development and psychometric evaluation of the Brief Resilient Coping Scale

Assessment. 2004 Mar;11(1):94-101. doi: 10.1177/1073191103258144.


This article introduces the Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRCS), a 4-item measure designed to capture tendencies to cope with stress in a highly adaptive manner. Two samples of individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (ns = 90 and 140) provide evidence for the reliability and validity of the BRCS. The BRCS has adequate internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Convergent validity of the scale is demonstrated by predictable correlations with measures of personal coping resources (e.g., optimism, helplessness, self-efficacy), pain coping behaviors, and psychological well-being. Resilient coping, as assessed by the BRCS, also buffers the effects of high levels of arthritis-related and non-arthritis-related stressors on depressive symptoms. The sensitivity of the BRCS to changes associated with a cognitive-behavioral intervention is also demonstrated. The BCRS may be useful for identifying individuals in need of interventions designed to enhance resilient coping skills.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adult
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / complications
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Health* / statistics & numerical data
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain / etiology
  • Pain / psychology
  • Principal Component Analysis
  • Psychometrics*
  • Self-Assessment*
  • Stress, Psychological / prevention & control*
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology