What can intervention studies tell us about the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and weight management?

Nutr Rev. 2004 Jan;62(1):1-17. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2004.tb00001.x.


Given the recent surge in obesity, effective dietary strategies for weight management are required. Because fruits and vegetables are high in water and fiber, incorporating them in the diet can reduce energy density, promote satiety, and decrease energy intake. Although few interventions have specifically addressed fruit and vegetable consumption, evidence suggests that coupling advice to increase intake of these foods with advice to decrease energy intake is a particularly effective strategy for weight management. This approach may facilitate weight loss because it emphasizes positive messages rather than negative, restrictive messages.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Body Weight / physiology*
  • Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
  • Energy Intake
  • Fruit*
  • Glycemic Index
  • Humans
  • Nutritive Value
  • Obesity / diet therapy*
  • Obesity / etiology
  • Obesity / prevention & control
  • Satiation
  • Vegetables*