Characterization of a new potential functional ingredient: coffee silverskin

J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Mar 10;52(5):1338-43. doi: 10.1021/jf034974x.


Dietary fiber (DF) is one of the main dietary factors contributing to consumers' well-being. In this work the possibility of using the roasted coffee silverskin (CS), a byproduct of roasted coffee beans, as a DF-rich ingredient has been evaluated. The results of our investigation showed that this material has 60% total DF, with a relevant component (14%) of soluble DF. Although a small amount of free phenol compounds is present in CS, it has a marked antioxidative activity, which can be attributed to the huge amount of Maillard reaction products, the melanoidins. Static batch culture fermentation experiments showed that CS induces preferential growth of bifidobacteria rather than clostridia and Bacteroides spp. CS can be proposed as a new potential functional ingredient in consideration of the high content of soluble DF, the marked antioxidant activity, and the potential prebiotic activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / analysis
  • Bifidobacterium / growth & development
  • Coffea / chemistry*
  • Dietary Fiber / analysis
  • Fermentation
  • Hot Temperature
  • Probiotics
  • Seeds / chemistry*


  • Antioxidants
  • Dietary Fiber