Increasing colorectal cancer incidence rates in Japan

Int J Cancer. 2004 May 1;109(5):777-81. doi: 10.1002/ijc.20030.


We examined trends of colorectal cancer incidence rates among Japanese (Miyagi Prefecture) and United States (US) whites (State of Connecticut) between 1959 and 1992. Age-standardized rates in Japan have increased dramatically and are now similar to US white rates. For both colon and rectum, age-specific rates in Japanese men born after 1930 exceed those in US whites, and the Japanese excess increases with year of birth. Similar patterns are evident for women. The current trends suggest that colorectal cancer will become a major source of morbidity and mortality in Japan, as these young Japanese age and their risks increase.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Colonic Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Rectal Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Sex Distribution
  • United States / epidemiology