Female genital mutilation in Nigeria

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2004 Mar;84(3):291-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2003.06.001.


Objectives: To determine the prevalence and distribution of female genital mutilation (FGM) procedures in a Nigerian population.

Methods: Five hundred consecutive women were evaluated for evidence of FGM. The WHO classification system was utilized. Demographic and sociocultural information was collected.

Results: Thirty-four percent of women were found to have some type of FGM. Type I and Type II procedures were the most common. Fifty-five percent of women were unaware they had FGM and 62% with FGM did not know the reason. Twenty-one percent of women said they were going to have FGM on their daughters.

Conclusions: FGM is still broadly practiced among ethnic and religious groups in Nigeria. Educational efforts need to be directed at eliminating this practice.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude
  • Circumcision, Female / adverse effects
  • Circumcision, Female / ethnology
  • Circumcision, Female / psychology
  • Circumcision, Female / statistics & numerical data*
  • Culture
  • Educational Status
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Midwifery
  • Nigeria
  • Prospective Studies