Mechanistic studies with N-benzyl-1-aminobenzotriazole (BBT)-inactivated cytochrome P450 2B1 were conducted to determine which step(s) in the reaction cycle had been compromised. Stopped-flow studies, formation of the oxy-ferro intermediate, and analysis of products suggested that the reductive process was slower with the BBT-modified enzyme. The reduced rate of reduction alone could not account for the loss in 7-ethoxy-4-(trifluoromethyl)coumarin (EFC) O-deethylation or testosterone hydroxylation activity. Surprisingly, the ability of the BBT-modified enzyme to generate formaldehyde from benzphetamine was much less affected. Benzphetamine metabolite analysis by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry showed that the BBT-modified enzyme had a slightly greater propensity towards aromatic hydroxylation together with reduced levels of N-demethylation and little change in the N-debenzylation of benzphetamine. Orientation of substrates within the active site of the BBT-inactivated enzyme may be affected such that the more flexible benzphetamine can be metabolized, whereas metabolism of rigid, planar molecules such as EFC and testosterone is hindered.