Objective: To identify variables which differentiate future repeaters of parasuicide from non-repeaters in a multivariate analysis.
Method: Interviews were conducted with 507 parasuicide cases; data were collected on precipitating factors for the index parasuicide, psychiatric and medical history, stressful life events, prior history of parasuicide, hopelessness, anger, self-esteem and social adjustment. Individuals were followed for 1-2 years to determine if a repeat parasuicide occurred.
Results: A logistic regression model identified four significant predictors of repeat parasuicide: prior history of parasuicide, a history of depression, a history of schizophrenia and poor physical health. A risk factor scale constructed from these four variables showed that the risk of repeat parasuicide increases as the number of risk factors increases.
Conclusion: This study identifies four key predictors of repeat parasuicide, and provides evidence that the risk of repeat parasuicide increases when multiple risk factors are present.