Recent reports have revitalized the debate on whether, for each item in memory, consolidation occurs just once, or whether, upon their activation in retrieval, items in memory undergo reconsolidation. Further, it has been recently reported that following retrieval in the absence of reinforcer, the activated memory can either reconsolidate or extinguish, depending on the training history. This raises the question whether consolidation, extinction and reconsolidation share neuronal mechanisms, and moreover, whether reconsolidation recapitulates consolidation. In conditioned taste aversion (CTA), consolidation depends on protein synthesis in the central nucleus of the amygdala, whereas extinction depends on protein synthesis in the basolateral nuclei of the amygdala. Here we show that inhibition of protein synthesis in either of these nuclei has no effect on CTA memory under conditions that initiate reconsolidation. This implies that reconsolidation does not recapitulate consolidation, and that consolidation, reconsolidation and extinction are different processes.