Synthesis and biological activity of CCK heptapeptide analogues. Effects of conformational constraints and standard modifications on receptor subtype selectivity, functional activity in vitro, and appetite suppression in vivo

J Med Chem. 1992 Aug 7;35(16):2919-28. doi: 10.1021/jm00094a001.


A series of modifications of the CCK7 analogue (des-NH2)Tyr(SO3-)-Nle-Gly-Trp-Nle-Asp-Phe-NH2 was prepared and tested for binding to guinea pig CCK-A and CCK-B receptors and in CCK-A-mediated functional assays. Selected analogues also were tested for appetite suppressant activity in rats. Several conformationally restricted residues in the C-terminal tetrapeptide region, including delta Z-Phe33, (N-Me)Phe33, (N-Me)Asp32, (N-Me)Leu31, and 3PP31 (3PP = trans-3-n-propyl-L- proline) were found to be acceptable modifications at one or both receptor subtypes. The (N-Me)Asp32 and (N-Me)Leu31 modifications afforded potent and selective CCK-A and CCK-B ligands, respectively. SAR studies in the N-terminal acyldipeptide region examined structural requirements for the side chain at position 28, where Gly and Pro replacements were found to possess high affinity at both receptor subtypes. Other conformationally restrictive modifications were less active. All of the analogues that showed high affinity (less than 10 nM) for the CCK-A receptor also were full agonists in amylase release and most were full or nearly full agonists in the phosphoinositide (PI) turnover assay, the most notable exception being the delta Z-Phe33 analogue, which showed 69% of the maximal response in the PI assay. Potent activity in suppression of food intake in rats was found for selected analogues.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Appetite Depressants / chemical synthesis*
  • Appetite Depressants / metabolism
  • Appetite Depressants / pharmacology
  • Cholecystokinin / analogs & derivatives
  • Cholecystokinin / chemical synthesis*
  • Cholecystokinin / metabolism
  • Cholecystokinin / pharmacology
  • Guinea Pigs
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oligopeptides / chemical synthesis
  • Oligopeptides / metabolism
  • Oligopeptides / pharmacology
  • Protein Conformation
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Cholecystokinin / metabolism*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Appetite Depressants
  • Oligopeptides
  • Receptors, Cholecystokinin
  • Cholecystokinin