The timing of the transition from vegetative to reproductive development is of great fundamental and applied interest but is still poorly understood. Recently, molecular-genetic approaches have been used to dissect this process in Arabidopsis. The genetic variation present among a large number of mutants with an early- or late-flowering phenotype, affecting the control of both environmental and endogenous factors that influence the transition to flowering, is described. The genetic, molecular, and physiological analyses have led to identification of different components involved, such as elements of photoperception and the circadian rhythm. Furthermore, elements involved in the signal transduction pathways to flowering have been identified by the cloning of some floral induction genes and their target genes.