Effectiveness of smoking cessation self-help materials in a lung cancer screening population

Lung Cancer. 2004 Apr;44(1):13-21. doi: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2003.10.001.


Randomized controlled trials of smoking interventions have not been well-documented for lung cancer screening populations. In this study, we randomly assigned 171 current smokers who were undergoing low-dose fast spiral chest CT (SCTS) for lung cancer screening to receive either standard written self-help materials or a written list of Internet resources for smoking cessation. At the 1-year follow-up, more of the subjects receiving Internet-based resources reported making a stop attempt (68% versus 48%, P=0.011). However, there were no statistically significant differences in 7-day point prevalence quit rates (5% versus 10%) or advancement in motivational readiness to stop smoking (27% versus 30%), respectively, between the groups. Clearly, more investigation is warranted into how to tailor smoking interventions for cancer screening participants.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Lung Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Male
  • Mass Screening*
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Smoking Cessation*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Treatment Outcome