Background: First performed in 1992, the side-to-side isoperistaltic strictureplasty (SSIS) is a bowel-sparing surgical option for Crohn's patients presenting with sequentially occurring stenoses over long intestinal segments (>15 cm). This investigation was designed to study the outcomes and patterns of recurrence after a SSIS.
Materials and methods: Between 1992 and 2003, 30 patients underwent SSIS at the University of Chicago. Their data were gathered prospectively in an Institutional Review Board-approved database.
Results: A total of 31 SSISs were constructed in 30 patients. As an indication of the severity of disease in these patients, 25 of 30 (83%) required a concomitant bowel resection, and 13 (43%) underwent at least one additional strictureplasty. The average length of diseased bowel used to construct the SSIS was 51 cm. The average length of residual small bowel after performance of SSIS was 275 cm, and the SSIS represented an average 19% of the remaining small bowel that would have otherwise been sacrificed with resection. Three patients experienced perioperative complications (10%) and one died (3%). Seven patients (23%) required reoperation to treat recurrence of symptoms within the first 5 years. In four of these patients, recurrence was found at or near the previous SSIS.
Conclusions: A side-to-side isoperistaltic strictureplasty (SSIS) is a safe and effective surgical option for sequentially occurring Crohn's strictures over long intestinal segments.