Thromboxane synthesis and action within the kidney

Kidney Int. 1992 Jun;41(6):1483-93. doi: 10.1038/ki.1992.217.


PGH2 and TxA2 exert their actions via tissue specific, receptor isoforms. PGH2/TxA2-dependent platelet aggregation and contraction of vascular and bronchial smooth muscle and of glomerular mesangial cells occur via receptors linked to activation of phospholipase C. Although PGH2/TxA2 appear to be of little importance in the maintenance of renal function under physiological circumstances, increased renal TxA2 biosynthesis has been documented in a variety of animal models of renal disease and in some clinical disorders (Table 2). The effects of this eicosanoid on renal tissues in vitro and of pharmacological manipulation of TxA2 synthesis and action in vivo suggest that such interventions will provide new drugs for the treatment of human kidney disease.

Publication types

  • Editorial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Kidney / physiology*
  • Kidney Diseases / physiopathology
  • Prostaglandin Endoperoxides, Synthetic / metabolism
  • Prostaglandin H2
  • Prostaglandins H / metabolism
  • Thromboxane A2 / biosynthesis*
  • Thromboxane A2 / physiology


  • Prostaglandin Endoperoxides, Synthetic
  • Prostaglandins H
  • Prostaglandin H2
  • Thromboxane A2