Cultural feasibility assessment of tuberculosis prevention among persons of Haitian origin in South Florida

J Immigr Health. 2004 Apr;6(2):63-9. doi: 10.1023/B:JOIH.0000019166.80968.70.


A cultural feasibility study was conducted among persons of Haitian origin in South Florida to identify factors which might influence utilization of screening and treatment services for latent tuberculosis infection in this population. Five focus group interviews conducted among men and women explored cultural beliefs and practices related to TB, barriers and incentives to screening, and approaches to increasing treatment adherence. Key findings include the influence of social stigma and fears related to confidentiality of medical status as disincentives to screening. Cultural sensitivity to being labeled as a high risk group for these infections also emerged as a critical variable. Community-based approaches to health education for this population are described. Study recommendations include the planning of programs based on a service delivery model that stresses respect and personal attention to clients, improved interpersonal skills of health center staff, and coordination of services between private doctors and public health agencies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Attitude to Health / ethnology*
  • Cultural Characteristics*
  • Emigration and Immigration*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Florida / epidemiology
  • Focus Groups
  • Haiti / ethnology
  • Health Behavior / ethnology
  • Hispanic Americans / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Mass Screening / statistics & numerical data*
  • Stereotyping
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / ethnology*
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / prevention & control*