Selective depletion of the allo-antigen specific T cells by Fas/FasL pathway by cytokine IFN-gamma and IL-2

J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci. 2003;23(4):344-7. doi: 10.1007/BF02829413.

Abstract

To investigate the value of apoptosis of the allo-antigen specific T cells induced by Fas/FasL pathway in preventing graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), the CD34+ cells transfected with FasL or not, used as stimulus cells, were mixed with allo-antigen specific T lymphocytes in presence or absence of IFN-gamma and IL-2. After 5 days, apoptosis of T cells was detected by TdT nick end mediated dUTP labeling (TUNEL) and flow cytometry (FCM). The affects of these two cytokines on CD34+ cells in the graft were also compared. The ratio of apoptosis of T cells was 12.1+/-1.5% when CD34+ cells transfected with FasL was used as stimulus cells, much higher than that of CD34+ cells non-transfected (3.2+/-1.1%, P<0.01). And in presence of IFN-gamma or IL-2, the ratio reached 20.1+/-2.3%, 17.6+/-1.3% respectively (P<0.01). However, IFN-gamma up-regulated Fas expression of CD34+ cells and increased the sensibility of CD34+ cells to soluble FasL (sFasL); IL-2 showed no such effect. It is possible to induce apoptosis of the allo-antigen specific T cells of grafts activated by allo-antigen by exogenous Fas ligand expressed on recipient cells and this might provide a new approach for preventing GVHD and IL-2 may be more suitable for clinical application.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antigens, CD34 / biosynthesis
  • Antigens, CD34 / immunology
  • Apoptosis*
  • Cytotoxicity, Immunologic
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Fas Ligand Protein
  • Graft vs Host Disease / prevention & control
  • Interferon-gamma / biosynthesis*
  • Interferon-gamma / immunology
  • Interleukin-2 / biosynthesis*
  • Interleukin-2 / immunology
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / biosynthesis
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / immunology
  • T-Lymphocytes / cytology*
  • T-Lymphocytes / physiology
  • fas Receptor / biosynthesis
  • fas Receptor / immunology

Substances

  • Antigens, CD34
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Fas Ligand Protein
  • Interleukin-2
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • fas Receptor
  • Interferon-gamma