Denaturation of demineralized bone matrix significantly reduces bone formation by guided tissue regeneration

Clin Oral Implants Res. 2003 Dec;14(6):804-11. doi: 10.1046/j.0905-7161.2003.00965.x.

Abstract

Aim: To examine in a discriminating capsule model whether denaturation of demineralized bone matrix (DBM) by heating may influence bone formation.

Materials and methods: DBM was produced from the long bones of rats. Half the portion of DBM was denatured by heating in distilled water for 20 min at temperatures between 70 degrees C and 90 degrees C. Prior to the study, the destruction of the osteoinductive properties of the DBM was confirmed in three rats following intramuscular implantation. Thirty, 4-month-old, male albino rats of the Wistar strain were used in the study. Following surgical exposure of the mandibular ramus, a hemispherical Teflon capsule (internal diameter = 5.0 mm) was placed, with its open part facing the lateral aspect of the ramus. On one side (test side), the capsule was loosely packed with denatured DBM, while on the contralateral side, serving as control, the capsule was loosely packed with the same amount of non-denatured DBM. After healing periods of 30, 60, and 120 days, groups of 10 animals were killed and 40-70 microm thick undecalcified sections of the capsules were produced. Three sections from each specimen, representing the mid-portion of the capsule, were subjected to histological analysis and computer-assisted planimetric measurements.

Results: Increasing amounts of newly formed bone were observed in both test and control capsules during the experimental period. At 4 months, the new bone formed in the control capsules occupied 46.7% of the cross-sectional area of the capsules, while it was only 19.1% in the test capsules (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Denaturation of DBM by heating significantly reduces bone formation by guided tissue regeneration.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Matrix / transplantation*
  • Bone Regeneration / physiology*
  • Calcification, Physiologic / physiology*
  • Guided Tissue Regeneration*
  • Male
  • Mandible / surgery
  • Osteogenesis / physiology*
  • Protein Denaturation
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar