Purpose: To identify systemic factors associated with the development of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR).
Design: Retrospective, case-control study.
Participants and controls: 312 cases and 312 controls.
Results: By use of a multivariate analysis, the previously described risk factors, systemic steroid use (odds ratio [OR], 37.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 6.2-221.8), and pregnancy (OR, 7.1; 95% CI, 1.0-50.7), were strongly associated with CSCR. Additional risk factors identified by this study include antibiotic use (OR, 6.2; 95% CI, 1.0-37.9), alcohol use (OR, 4.9; 95% CI, 1.5-16.3), untreated hypertension (OR, 3.3; 95% CI, 1.3-8.5), and allergic respiratory disease (OR, 2.5; 95% CI, 1.2-5.1).
Conclusions: A wide variety of systemic factors are associated with CSCR. Prospective studies are warranted to evaluate the nature and significance of these associations further.