Objective: To assess the frequency of lesion types using fluorescein angiography (FA) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD).
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Participants: Two hundred cases of nAMD.
Methods: Fluorescein angiograms from 908 patients (university-based, tertiary retinal referral practice [UP] = 478; comprehensive, community-based eye clinic [CC] = 430) were reviewed to identify 200 cases of nAMD (100 from each center). Two graders evaluated the frequency of angiographic subtypes.
Main outcome measures: Identifying (1) the frequency of subfoveal nAMD lesions that meet the definition of "predominantly classic," "minimally classic," "occult with no classic"; (2) lesion location, size, and subtype; and (3) the intergrader agreement (kappa).
Results: There was little difference in the frequency of lesion type between the UP and the CC. Most nAMD lesions were subfoveal (78.5%, 157 of 200), and of these, 20% (32 of 157) were predominantly classic; whereas 73% (114 of 157) were occult with no classic, and 7% (11 of 157) were minimally classic. Of the 200 angiograms, 33 (16.5%) were juxtafoveal, and 10 (5%) were extrafoveal. Twenty of the 43 juxtafoveal and extrafoveal lesions (47%) were predominantly classic. Classic with no occult subfoveal lesions were smaller than minimally classic or occult with no classic (1.7 vs. 3.7 and 2.8 mm; P = 0.001 and 0.01, respectively). Of 114 subfoveal occult with no classic lesions, 54 (47%) had both smaller lesion size <==4 disc areas (DA) and lower visual acuity <20/50, whereas 107 (94%) had a smaller lesion or lower visual acuity.
Conclusions: Most angiographic lesions of patients who undergo FA for nAMD are subfoveal and occult. We estimate that 20% of subfoveal lesions are predominantly classic. Approximately half of the juxtafoveal and extrafoveal lesions are predominantly classic. Nearly 30% of all nAMD lesions have both small occult lesions (size <==4 DA) and a visual acuity less than 20/50. We found minimal difference in lesion type between a UP and a CC.