Myotonic dystrophy types 1 and 2 are autosomal dominant, multisystemic disorders with many similarities in their clinical manifestations. Myotonic dystrophy type 1 is caused by a (CTG)n expansion in the 3' untranslated region of the DMPK gene in 19q13.3 and myotonic dystrophy type 2 by a (CCTG)n expansion in intron 1 of ZNF9 in 3q21.3. However, the clinical diagnosis of myotonic dystrophy type 2 is more complex than that of myotonic dystrophy type 1, and conventional molecular genetic methods used for diagnosing myotonic dystrophy type 1 are insufficient for myotonic dystrophy type 2. Herein we describe two in situ hybridization protocols for the myotonic dystrophy type 2 mutation detection. Chromogenic in situ hybridization was used to detect both the genomic expansion and the mutant transcripts in muscle biopsy sections. Chromogenic in situ hybridization can be used in routine myotonic dystrophy type 2 diagnostics. Fluorescence in situ hybridization on extended DNA fibers was used to directly visualize the myotonic dystrophy type 2 mutation and to estimate the repeat expansion sizes.