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. 2004 May 14;279(20):21666-76.
doi: 10.1074/jbc.M313540200. Epub 2004 Mar 11.

A Novel Tctex2-related Light Chain Is Required for Stability of Inner Dynein Arm I1 and Motor Function in the Chlamydomonas Flagellum

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A Novel Tctex2-related Light Chain Is Required for Stability of Inner Dynein Arm I1 and Motor Function in the Chlamydomonas Flagellum

Linda M DiBella et al. J Biol Chem. .
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Abstract

Tctex1 and Tctex2 were originally described in mice as putative distorters/sterility factors involved in the non-Mendelian transmission of t haplotypes. Subsequently, these proteins were found to be light chains of both cytoplasmic and axonemal dyneins. We have now identified a novel Tctex2-related protein (Tctex2b) within the Chlamydomonas flagellum. Tctex2b copurifies with inner arm I1 after both sucrose gradient centrifugation and anion exchange chromatography. Unlike the Tctex2 homologue within the outer dynein arm, analysis of a Tctex2b-null strain indicates that this protein is not essential for assembly of inner arm I1. However, a lack of Tctex2b results in an unstable dynein particle that disassembles after high salt extraction from the axoneme. Cells lacking Tctex2b swim more slowly than wild type and exhibit a reduced flagellar beat frequency. Furthermore, using a microtubule sliding assay we observed that dynein motor function is reduced in vitro. These data indicate that Tctex2b is required for the stability of inner dynein arm I1 and wild-type axonemal dynein function.

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