Physico-chemical composition and characterisation of the seed and seed oil of Sclerocarya birrea

Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 1992 Jul;42(3):201-6. doi: 10.1007/BF02193927.


The physicochemical composition of Sclerocarya birrea was assessed by standard methods and was found to contain 11.0% Crude oil, 17.2% Carbohydrate, 36.70% Crude protein 3.4% fibre and 0.9% crude saponins. The fatty acid distribution in the seed oil was obtained by fractionating the volatised fatty acid by GC-MS. The oil is made up of nine fatty acids of which palmitic, stearic and arachidonic acids are the most dominant.

MeSH terms

  • Fruit / chemistry
  • Plant Oils / chemistry*
  • Plants, Edible / chemistry
  • Seeds / chemistry*


  • Plant Oils