Aims: To study the effect of dexamethazone and dipyrone on sensory changes in the innervation territories of the inferior alveolar, infraorbital, and lingual nerves caused by third molar extractions.
Methods: Fourteen patients (8 men and 6 women) were divided randomly into 2 groups. The first group received dipyrone preoperatively, while the second group received dipyrone and dexamethazone preoperatively. All patients in the study received a prophylactic preoperative dose of amoxicillin (500 mg) as well as dipyrone postoperatively. In all patients, a single mandibular third molar was removed, while in 2 patients the contralateral third molar was removed at a subsequent time. Electrical detection thresholds were assessed in the inferior alveolar, lingual, and infraorbital nerve regions prior to surgery and 2 and 8 days following surgery. The level of perioperative pain, difficulty of extraction, and distance of molar root apices from the inferior alveolar nerve canal were also assessed.
Results: Patients who received only dipyrone had significantly reduced lingual and inferior alveolar nerve electrical detection thresholds 2 days after surgery, which returned to nearly baseline values by the eighth day postoperatively. In patients who received dexamethasone, no significant reduction in the electrical detection threshold was found.
Conclusion: Preoperative treatment with dexamethasone and dipyrone but not dipyrone alone prevents sensory hypersensitivity following third molar extraction.