Acetylation of the C Terminus of Ku70 by CBP and PCAF Controls Bax-mediated Apoptosis

Mol Cell. 2004 Mar 12;13(5):627-38. doi: 10.1016/s1097-2765(04)00094-2.

Abstract

Apoptosis is a key tumor suppression mechanism that can be initiated by activation of the proapoptotic factor Bax. The Ku70 DNA end-joining protein has recently been shown to suppress apoptosis by sequestering Bax from mitochondria. The mechanism by which Bax is regulated remains unknown. Here, we identify eight lysines in Ku70 that are targets for acetylation in vivo. Five of these, K539, K542, K544, K533, and K556, lie in the C-terminal linker domain of Ku70 adjacent to the Bax interaction domain. We show that CBP and PCAF efficiently acetylate K542 in vitro and associate with Ku70 in vivo. Mimicking acetylation of K539 or K542 or treating cells with deacetylase inhibitors abolishes the ability of Ku70 to suppress Bax-mediated apoptosis. We demonstrate that increased acetylation of Ku70 disrupts the Ku70-Bax interaction and coincides with cytoplasmic accumulation of CBP. These results shed light on the role of acetyltransferases as tumor suppressors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetylation
  • Acetyltransferases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Acetyltransferases / genetics
  • Acetyltransferases / metabolism*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Nuclear / genetics
  • Antigens, Nuclear / metabolism*
  • Apoptosis / physiology*
  • Binding Sites / physiology
  • CREB-Binding Protein
  • Cricetinae
  • DNA Helicases*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • HeLa Cells
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • Humans
  • Ku Autoantigen
  • Lysine / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary / physiology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Trans-Activators / genetics
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism*
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism*
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein

Substances

  • Antigens, Nuclear
  • BAX protein, human
  • Bax protein, mouse
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Trans-Activators
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein
  • Acetyltransferases
  • CREB-Binding Protein
  • CREBBP protein, human
  • Crebbp protein, mouse
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • DNA Helicases
  • XRCC5 protein, human
  • Xrcc6 protein, human
  • Xrcc6 protein, mouse
  • Ku Autoantigen
  • Lysine