Metastases from renal cell carcinomas (RCC) are resistant to radiation and chemotherapy but are relatively immunogenic. We have investigated the possibility to eliminate human RCC micrometastases using MAb G250. G250 penetrates human micrometastases completely in a spheroid model and induces complement deposition rapidly on the outmost cell layers. However, complement dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) was barely detected using either (51)chromium release assays or confocal microscopy, due to relatively low expression of the G250 antigen and the effect of membrane bound complement regulatory proteins. Addition of blocking anti-CD59 MAbs enhanced formation of C5b-9 and consequently complement mediated lysis (13%). Complement assisted cellular cytotoxicity (CACC) was not detectable, although the iC3b ligand and CR3 receptor were present on respectively target and effector cells. Addition of soluble beta-glucan induced the killing of MAb and iC3b opsonized spheroids by effector cells (6-21%). Despite a lower affinity for G250 antigen, a bispecific anti-G250*anti-CD55 MAb enhanced cell killing in spheroids comparable to the parental G250 MAb. Our results suggest that complement-activating G250 in combination with anti-mCRP MAbs is able to kill human RCC cells in micrometastasis in vitro. For CACC the presence of CR3-priming beta-glucan seems to be obligatory. In vivo, bi-MAb may be more effective as therapeutic agent due to its increased C5a generating properties.
Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.