Purpose: Detail the role of different imaging techniques for diagnosis of tumors of the iris.
Material and methods: Sixty-one tumors of the iris were explored using ultrasound at 10 and 20MHz (Cinescan, BVI Quantel Medical) and 50MHz (UBM, Paradigm) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) (Humphrey Zeiss).
Results: Ultrasound should be used at frequencies of 20MHz or greater to precisely characterize, localize and measure a lesion. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) is inadequate to measure large tumors (extending toward the back of the ciliary body), because of the transducer and the considerably lower image quality caused by the lesion. Ultrasound alone cannot characterize a solid lesion, and moreover cannot differentiate benign and malignant lesions. Clinical notions are also important in diagnosis and patient management. OCT recognizes whether a lesion is liquid or solid in certain cases.
Conclusions: With a tumor that seems solid, a 50MHz examination must be done rapidly, and if the entire lesion is difficult to see, a 20MHz ultrasound should be used. With a protruding iris, high-frequency ultrasound and OCT differentiate a cystic lesion from a solid mass, but only BMU provides a precise measurement and regular surveillance capabilities.