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Comparative Study
. 2004 Apr;39(2):225-50.
doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2004.00225.x.

Relationship of Nursing Home Staffing to Quality of Care

Free PMC article
Comparative Study

Relationship of Nursing Home Staffing to Quality of Care

John F Schnelle et al. Health Serv Res. .
Free PMC article


Objective: To compare nursing homes (NHs) that report different staffing statistics on quality of care.

Data sources: Staffing information generated by California NHs on state cost reports and during onsite interviews. Data independently collected by research staff describing quality of care related to 27 care processes.

Study design: Two groups of NHs (n=21) that reported significantly different and stable staffing data from all data sources were compared on quality of care measures.

Data collection: Direct observation, resident and staff interview, and chart abstraction methods.

Principal findings: Staff in the highest staffed homes (n=6), according to state cost reports, reported significantly lower resident care loads during onsite interviews across day and evening shifts (7.6 residents per nurse aide [NA]) compared to the remaining homes that reported between 9 to 10 residents per NA (n=15). The highest-staffed homes performed significantly better on 13 of 16 care processes implemented by NAs compared to lower-staffed homes.

Conclusion: The highest-staffed NHs reported significantly lower resident care loads on all staffing reports and provided better care than all other homes.


Figure 1
Figure 1
Flow of Participants through Trial

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