Core strengthening

Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004 Mar;85(3 Suppl 1):S86-92. doi: 10.1053/j.apmr.2003.12.005.


Core strengthening has become a major trend in rehabilitation. The term has been used to connote lumbar stabilization, motor control training, and other regimens. Core strengthening is, in essence, a description of the muscular control required around the lumbar spine to maintain functional stability. Despite its widespread use, core strengthening has had meager research. Core strengthening has been promoted as a preventive regimen, as a form of rehabilitation, and as a performance-enhancing program for various lumbar spine and musculoskeletal injuries. The intent of this review is to describe the available literature on core strengthening using a theoretical framework.

Overall article objective: To understand the concept of core strengthening.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries / physiopathology
  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control
  • Athletic Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain / physiopathology
  • Low Back Pain / rehabilitation
  • Lumbosacral Region
  • Muscle, Skeletal / anatomy & histology
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology