RISC assembly defects in the Drosophila RNAi mutant armitage

Cell. 2004 Mar 19;116(6):831-41. doi: 10.1016/s0092-8674(04)00218-1.


The putative RNA helicase, Armitage (Armi), is required to repress oskar translation in Drosophila oocytes; armi mutant females are sterile and armi mutations disrupt anteroposterior and dorsoventral patterning. Here, we show that armi is required for RNAi. armi mutant male germ cells fail to silence Stellate, a gene regulated endogenously by RNAi, and lysates from armi mutant ovaries are defective for RNAi in vitro. Native gel analysis of protein-siRNA complexes in wild-type and armi mutant ovary lysates suggests that armi mutants support early steps in the RNAi pathway but are defective in the production of active RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which mediates target RNA destruction in RNAi. Our results suggest that armi is required for RISC maturation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Body Patterning / genetics*
  • Cell Differentiation / genetics
  • Drosophila Proteins / genetics
  • Drosophila melanogaster / embryology*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / genetics
  • Drosophila melanogaster / metabolism
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian / cytology
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian / embryology
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian / metabolism
  • Female
  • Germ Cells / metabolism
  • Insect Proteins / genetics
  • Male
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Oocytes / cytology
  • Oocytes / metabolism
  • Protein Kinases / genetics
  • RNA Helicases / deficiency*
  • RNA Helicases / genetics
  • RNA Interference / physiology*
  • RNA, Small Interfering / genetics
  • RNA-Induced Silencing Complex / biosynthesis*
  • RNA-Induced Silencing Complex / genetics


  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Insect Proteins
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • RNA-Induced Silencing Complex
  • osk protein, Drosophila
  • Protein Kinases
  • Ste protein, Drosophila
  • RNA Helicases