The effect of continuous bite-jumping in adult rats: a morphological study

Angle Orthod. 2004 Feb;74(1):86-92. doi: 10.1043/0003-3219(2004)074<0086:TEOCBI>2.0.CO;2.


The aim of this study was to determine the mandibular morphology before, during, and after bite-jumping in nongrowing species. Fifty-two adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four experimental groups and four control groups. The experimental groups were fitted with fixed bite-jumping devices that protruded the mandible. The animals were sacrificed on days 3, 14, 30, and 60. Right halves of the mandible were harvested and freed of soft tissue. Digital pictures were obtained in a standardized manner. Selected linear and angular measurements were made. There were no morphological differences between the controls and experimental group on days 3 and 14. The length of condylar process increased significantly on day 30 and remained so on day 60 in the experimental group. The angulation of the condylar process was significantly affected because of increased apposition of bone in the middle and especially the posterior parts of the condyle. Thus, bite-jumping of the mandible in adult rats affects the size and angulation of the condylar process because of differential apposition of bone on the condylar head.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activator Appliances*
  • Animals
  • Bone Remodeling / physiology
  • Cephalometry
  • Female
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Mandible / pathology*
  • Mandibular Condyle / pathology
  • Photography
  • Random Allocation
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Time Factors