Gastrointestinal mucositis

Semin Oncol Nurs. 2004 Feb;20(1):38-47. doi: 10.1053/j.soncn.2003.10.007.


Objective: To review the management of radiotherapy- and chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal mucositis.

Data source: Articles and research studies.

Conclusion: Gastrointestinal damage is becoming a common dose-limiting toxicity. However, there is only limited research into the mechanism and possible treatment of this toxicity.

Implications for nursing practice: It is important to document the frequency and severity of gastrointestinal mucositis, and to alleviate symptoms wherever possible.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases* / diagnosis
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases* / etiology
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Mouth Mucosa
  • Neoplasms* / complications
  • Neoplasms* / therapy
  • Nurse's Role
  • Nursing Assessment
  • Oncology Nursing
  • Radiotherapy / adverse effects
  • Stomatitis* / diagnosis
  • Stomatitis* / etiology
  • Stomatitis* / therapy


  • Antineoplastic Agents