Electronic noses and disease diagnostics

Nat Rev Microbiol. 2004 Feb;2(2):161-6. doi: 10.1038/nrmicro823.


Rapid developments in sensor technology have facilitated the production of devices--known as electronic noses--that can detect and discriminate the production profiles of volatile compounds from microbial infections in situ. Such qualitative and semi-quantitative approaches could have a significant role in the early diagnosis and detection of microbial diseases. Using artificial intelligence and web-based knowledge systems, electronic noses might also have a valuable role in monitoring disease epidemiology.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biosensing Techniques*
  • Electronics
  • Humans
  • Infections / diagnosis*
  • Nose
  • Odorants / analysis*
  • Volatilization