Diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB), which is prevalent in Japan, is known to be rare outside Japan. Although a case of diffuse panbronchiolitis in a second generation Korean was reported in Japan in 1986, no case has been reported in Korea. Recently we found 5 cases of diffuse panbronchiolitis in Korea, two histologically proven and three clinically and radiologically suspected. All 5 cases had the typical respiratory symptoms and signs and a history of chronic sinusitis. In three clinically and radiologically suspected cases, high resolution computed tomography showed the typical findings of DPB and other diseases such as pulmonary emphysema, bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis and bronchiectasis could be ruled out. More cases of DPB are expected to be found in Korea in the near future.