Background: Children Cancer Group (CCG) 1991 is the first childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia trial within CCG that allowed the utilization of a staged approach to the consent process.
Methods: One hundred and forty subjects participated in the Project on Informed Consent which compared the primary outcome measures in the consent process of patients enrolled in CCG-1991 with those enrolled in other CCG leukemia studies.
Results: The parents' trust scores were higher for the CCG-1991 compared with other protocols. Eighty percent of parents enrolled in CCG-1991 understood the distinction between the randomized clinical trial and the standard treatment arm, compared with 62.5% in the other studies, P = 0.05. Multiple other outcome measures suggested a positive impact from staged informed consent.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that a consent process with a staged approach can help investigators obtain a more truly informed consent. Future research is needed to confirm the benefits of the staged approach to the informed consent process.
Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.