An Update on the Pathogenesis and Epidemiology of Osteoarthritis

Radiol Clin North Am. 2004 Jan;42(1):1-9, v. doi: 10.1016/S0033-8389(03)00161-1.

Abstract

Osteoarthritis is a disease affecting all joint structures, not just hyaline articular cartilage. It develops as a consequence of injurious activities acting on a vulnerable joint. The correlation between structural changes of the disease and joint symptoms is poor. Risk factors include age, obesity, and joint injury. Risk factors for symptoms include bone marrow edema, synovitis, and joint effusion.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Athletic Injuries / complications
  • Bone Density
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / complications
  • Occupations
  • Osteoarthritis* / diagnosis
  • Osteoarthritis* / diagnostic imaging
  • Osteoarthritis* / epidemiology
  • Osteoarthritis* / etiology
  • Osteoarthritis* / physiopathology
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / diagnosis
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / epidemiology
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / etiology
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee / diagnosis
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee / epidemiology
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee / etiology
  • Prevalence
  • Radiography
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors