Cerebral MR venography

Clin Imaging. Mar-Apr 2004;28(2):85-9. doi: 10.1016/S0899-7071(03)00118-9.


This paper illustrates the technique and clinical use of cerebral MR venography (MRV). Dural sinus thrombosis is detected by both two-dimensional time-of-flight (TOF) and three-dimensional phase-contrast (PC) techniques. Venous angiomas are demonstrated by the three-dimensional PC method. The arterial feeders, nidus and draining veins of cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) can be visualized on contrast-enhanced TOF three-dimensional MR angiogram. The high-flow draining veins of cerebral and dural AVMs, vein of Galen malformation and carotid cavernous fistula are better seen on contrast-enhanced three-dimensional gradient-echo MRV.

MeSH terms

  • Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula / diagnosis
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Contrast Media
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations / diagnosis
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography*
  • Male
  • Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial / diagnosis


  • Contrast Media