Usefulness of percutaneous balloon mitral commissurotomy in preventing the development of atrial fibrillation in patients with mitral stenosis

Am J Cardiol. 2004 Apr 1;93(7):936-9. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2003.12.041.


A prospective cohort of patients with mitral stenosis and no history of atrial arrhythmias showed no decrease in the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after successful versus unsuccessful Inoue balloon percutaneous balloon mitral valve commissurotomy. Advanced age and left atrial dimension best predicted which patients developed AF during follow-up, whereas percutaneous balloon mitral valve commissurotomy procedural success and left atrial pressure reduction did not have an impact on incidence of AF.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Atrial Fibrillation / diagnostic imaging
  • Atrial Fibrillation / etiology*
  • Atrial Fibrillation / prevention & control*
  • Catheterization*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitral Valve / diagnostic imaging
  • Mitral Valve / physiopathology
  • Mitral Valve / surgery*
  • Mitral Valve Stenosis / complications*
  • Mitral Valve Stenosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Mitral Valve Stenosis / surgery*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Ultrasonography