Effects of upper extremity exercise training on peak aerobic and anaerobic fitness in patients after transplantation

Am J Cardiol. 2004 Apr 1;93(7):939-43. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2003.12.030.


We found that patients with transplants, regardless of transplant type, and sedentary control subjects experience significant increases in aerobic fitness after 10 weeks of Dragon boat training. However, the magnitude of improvement in aerobic fitness depends on the transplant type, with patients having cardiac transplant experiencing greater relative changes in response to training than patients with noncardiac transplant. It also appears that patients with cardiac and noncardiac transplants have an increased reliance on anaerobic energy systems during exercise conditions compared with healthy control subjects.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anaerobic Threshold / physiology*
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Exercise Test
  • Exercise Tolerance / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organ Transplantation / physiology*
  • Organ Transplantation / rehabilitation*
  • Physical Fitness / physiology
  • Upper Extremity / physiopathology*