Acute myeloblastic leukemia in pregnancy: a case report and review of the literature

Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2004;25(1):126-8.


Leukemia is a rare event during pregnancy. The presence of leukemia during pregnancy raises several concerns about the effect of pregnancy on the prognosis of leukemia, the effect of the disease on pregnancy outcome and the teratogenic and mutagenic effect of chemotherapeutic agents on the fetus. We report a case of acute myeloblastic leukemia diagnosed during the third trimester of gestation and treated with chemotherapeutic agents before delivery. The duration of pregnancy was able to be prolonged for four weeks after clinical diagnosis of the disease and then terminated by cesarean section due to the presence of signs of fetal distress.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • Cytarabine / administration & dosage
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Idarubicin / administration & dosage
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis*
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis*
  • Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / drug therapy
  • Pregnancy Trimester, Third


  • Cytarabine
  • Idarubicin