Leadership behavior and subordinate well-being

J Occup Health Psychol. 2004 Apr;9(2):165-75. doi: 10.1037/1076-8998.9.2.165.


The authors used a longitudinal design to investigate the relation between leadership behavior and the well-being of subordinates. Well-being is conceptualized as people's feelings about themselves and the settings in which they live and work. Staff members (N = 562) of 2 Community Trusts participated 4 times in a 14-month period. Five models were formulated to answer 2 questions: What is the most likely direction of the relation between leadership and well-being, and what is the time frame of this relation? The model with the best fit suggested that leadership behavior and subordinate responses are linked in a feedback loop. Leadership behavior at Time 1 influenced leadership behavior at Time 4. Subordinate well-being at Time 2 synchronously influenced leadership behavior at Time 2. Leadership behavior at Time 4 synchronously influenced subordinate well-being at Time 4.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Dominance-Subordination*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Leadership*
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Psychological*
  • Occupational Health
  • Organizational Culture
  • Personnel Management
  • Psychology, Industrial
  • Self Concept
  • Time
  • United Kingdom
  • Workplace / psychology*