We showed a newly developed method, retrograde double-balloon enteroscopy, to be useful for preoperative diagnosis in a case of inflammatory fibroid polyp accompanied by small-bowel intussusception. A 64-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with small-bowel intussusception. Results of radiographic and ultrasonographic examination were suggestive of a small-bowel mass. Retrograde double-balloon enteroscopy was performed in an attempt to make a preoperative diagnosis. Endoscopic observation, in combination with histological findings derived from endoscopic biopsy, was suggestive of an inflammatory fibroid polyp. The patient then underwent laparotomy with minimal incision, which revealed a polypoid mass leading to a jejunojejunal intussusception, without bowel necrosis, and a partial small-bowel resection was performed. The pathological diagnosis was an inflammatory fibroid polyp.