We analyse LDL oxidation in vitro in the presence of copper (II) ions and differentiate a lag phase and a rapid peroxidation phase. We demonstrate that a physiological concentration of albumin does not alter the kinetics of the dienes in the oxidizing LDL but reduces the fluorescence of the oxidizing LDL and alters the biological properties of oxidized LDL. We find in rats after intravenous administration of oxidized LDL, that it is rapidly cleared from the circulating blood. The presence of albumin during the peroxidation phase, however, reduces the fraction of oxidized LDL with rapid blood clearance. We propose that some lipid peroxidation products formed in oxidizing LDL are hydrophilic enough to diffuse into the aqueous buffer from where they react either with the epsilon-amino-groups of apolipoprotein B or albumin. Effective scavengers for these hydrophilic endproducts of the LDL oxidation pathways such as albumin might reduce modification of the LDL and might be useful to reduce its atherogenicity.