Customized fetal growth standards: rationale and clinical application

Semin Perinatol. 2004 Feb;28(1):33-40. doi: 10.1053/j.semperi.2003.12.002.


Accurate assessment of fetal growth status requires the definition of an optimal standard, which represents the growth potential of the baby. Against this standard, individually 'customized' percentiles can be calculated. They improve the distinction between normal and abnormal, and help in our understanding and diagnosis of pathological fetal growth. This method can be used as a tool for epidemiological analysis as well as for prospective clinical monitoring.

MeSH terms

  • Embryonic and Fetal Development*
  • Female
  • Fetal Growth Retardation / diagnosis
  • Fetal Macrosomia / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Pregnancy
  • Reference Standards
  • Reference Values